English grammar being tricky as always, most people misuse the use of comma in most sentences. The rules are avoided and a comma is placed as per the whims and fancies of the writer. Yes, grammar has rules for using even the simplest ‘comma’ in a sentence. Also known as ‘comma fault’, ‘comma error’ or ‘comma splice’, below are some tips to remove common comma errors.
- Using a comma after an introductory clause. For instance –
- Frankly, his judgment was misleading.
- Though I pointed out many changes, his draft remained unchanged.
- Using a comma when two independent clauses are joined with a conjunction viz. for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. For instance –
- I lost my diary, but my sister found it in her bag.
- She lost her job, so she has to cancel her world tour.
- Using a comma to separate elements in a series. For instance –
- They ate pasta, chicken, cheese, sandwich and salmon.
- In her last year, she took history, economics, maths and literature.
- Using a comma between two adjectives when these adjectives are interchangeable.
- He is a strong, lean man.
- The poor girl lives in a very small, ruined house.
A trick to remember this rule is if it is possible to add ‘and’ or ‘but’ between the adjectives, it calls for a comma. Thus, it can be ‘He is a strong and lean man’ and hence the comma.
- Using a comma to set off nonessential information. A nonessential word, phrase or clause is one which can be deleted from the sentence without changing the meaning of it. For instance –
- Mariam Lobo, wife of Sam Lobo, is planning to launch a book.
- My best friend, Alex, has won the match.
You can take the advantage of this online grammar checker here at: https://www.nounplus.net/